James Simarian majored in social science at PJC, was a graduate of PHS
Mount Simsarian in Antarctica is named for OMD charter member James Simsarian in recognition of his outstanding work as chief spokesman for the United States at the meetings that produced the 12-nation Treaty on the Antarctic. This honor was bestowed on Dr. Simsarian at his retirement from the U.S. State Department after a quarter-century of distinguished service.
As adviser to Eleanor Roosevelt on human rights, as well as a leader in the World Meteorological Organization and the World Weather Watch, Dr. Simsarian was prominent in the United Nations. He was commended by the State Department for his work with UNESCO. During World War II he had served as a chief counsel for OPA.
At Pasadena Junior College in 1927, no one better represented the OMD ideal of all-around unselfish service to the college than quiet, unassuming "Jimmy" Simsarian, one of the seven students who founded the Order of Mast and Dagger. He was Secretary of Publications, Editor of the Student Handbook, Forensic Editor of the Annual, President of Scribes, Chronicle staff member, Manager of Debate and Oratory, Secretary of the Interclub Council, Treasurer of the Associated Men Students and vice-president of the YMCA. Jimmie was also a member of Sequia and Sanskrit
Service of Distinction
Ever since the first ceremony in 1927, "tapping" has been the most dramatic tradition. The element of expectancy and suspense as students and faculty wait to see which ones will be "tapped" into the organization has proved a highlight of each year.
Literary and social activities have shared in the program of the Sanskrit Literary Society during the past year to develop a more extensive knowledge of literature and to promote friendship among its members. Sanskrit was organized immediately after the establishment of the Pasadena Junior College, in order to create and promote a more vital interest in good literature among the men and women of this institution.
This year prominent and entertaining speakers have presented studies of literature, especially views concerning California authors and literature. Besides the many contacts made with American literary leaders. Sanskrit has been active in the Junior College activities, presenting student programs and meeting student programs and entering into other projects and the activities of the college.
At the beginning of this school year, the Sequoia club was organized by eleven charter members with Coach E. F. Niday as its adviser. The purpose of the club is to foster among its members and the students of Pasadena Junior College an interest in the outdoors, to uphold high standards of scholarship, and to form a strong bond of lasting friendship amog its members.
A weekend at Big Bear, a Parent's Banquet, presentation of an outdoor assembly, and purchase of a cabin in the mountains were some of the projects undertaken. For nightly evening meetings at which prominent speakers addressed the club were held throughout the year.
AMS- Associated Men Students
An important part in the campus life of the Junior College was played this year by the Associated Men Students. Victor King, president for both semesters, supervised a series of activities which were instrumental in Pasadena's remarkable year of championships.
During football season much of the publicity, such as posters, street car advertisements, and ides at the theaters were under the direction of A.M.S. officers.
The night before the San Mateo State Championship game, the A.M.S. held a pajamarino that started from the practice football field and ended up downtown after circling the business section and the theatres. This event was an effective publicity stunt for the contest the next day, which attracted seven thousand fans.
Meetings were held regularly by the men, at which subjects of importance were discussed and decided. A.M.S. which was one of the earliest groups to be organized at the Junior College, is rapidly widening its scope of activities and has worked out an extensive program for next year.
Having formed primarily for the purpose of creating and furthering creditable publications in Pasadena Junior College, the Scribes developed into an active club with a restricted membership. Its chief objective has been to take in all the knocks of the newspaper and to link them with an interesting social program. During the past year the Scribes published a State Championship football program an eccentric news sheet, dubbed the Mustard Plaster.
Staff of the 1927 "Pirate"
Antarctic Treaty Summary: The Antarctic Treaty, signed on 1 December 1959 and entered into force on 23 June 1961, establishes the legal framework for the management of Antarctica. Administration is carried out through consultative member meetings - the 18th Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting was in Japan in April 1993. Currently, there are 42 treaty member nations: 26 consultative and 16 acceding. Consultative (voting) members include the seven nations that claim portions of Antarctica as national territory (some claims overlap) and 19 nonclaimant nations. The US and some other nations that have made no claims have reserved the right to do so. The US does not recognize the claims of others. The year in parentheses indicates when an acceding nation was voted to full consultative (voting) status, while no date indicates the country was an original 1959 treaty signatory. Claimant nations are - Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the UK. Nonclaimant consultative nations are - Belgium, Brazil (1983), China (1985), Ecuador (1990), Finland (1989), Germany (1981), India (1983), Italy (1987), Japan, South Korea (1989), Netherlands (1990), Peru (1989), Poland (1977), South Africa, Spain (1988), Sweden (1988), Uruguay (1985), the US, and Russia. Acceding (nonvoting) members, with year of accession in parentheses, are - Austria (1987), Bulgaria (1978), Canada (1988), Colombia (1988), Cuba (1984), Czech Republic (1993), Denmark (1965), Greece (1987), Guatemala (1991), Hungary (1984), North Korea (1987), Papua New Guinea (1981), Romania (1971), Slovakia (1993), Switzerland (1990), and Ukraine (1992).
Article 1: area to be used for peaceful purposes only; military activity, such as weapons testing, is prohibited, but military personnel and equipment may be used for scientific research or any other peaceful purpose
Article 2: freedom of scientific investigation and cooperation shall continue
Article 3: free exchange of information and personnel in cooperation with the UN and other international agencies
Article 4: does not recognize, dispute, or establish territorial claims and no new claims shall be asserted while the treaty is in force
Article 5: prohibits nuclear explosions or disposal of radioactive wastes
Article 6: includes under the treaty all land and ice shelves south of 60 degrees 00 minutes south
Article 7: treaty-state observers have free access, including aerial observation, to any area and may inspect all stations, installations, and equipment; advance notice of all activities and of the introduction of military personnel must be given
Article 8: allows for jurisdiction over observers and scientists by their own states
Article 9: frequent consultative meetings take place among member nations
Article 10: treaty states will discourage activities by any country in Antarctica that are contrary to the treaty
Article 11: disputes to be settled peacefully by the parties concerned or, ultimately, by the ICJ
Articles 12, 13, 14: deal with upholding, interpreting, and amending the treaty among involved nations
Other agreements: more than 170 recommendations adopted at treaty consultative meetings and ratified by governments include - Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora (1964); Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals (1972); Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (1980); a mineral resources agreement was signed in 1988 but was subsequently rejected; in 1991 the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty was signed and awaits ratification; this agreement provides for the protection of the Antarctic environment through five specific annexes on marine pollution, fauna, and flora, environmental impact assessments, waste management, and protected areas; it also prohibits all activities relating to mineral resources except scientific research; 14 parties have ratified Protocol as of April 1995
Legal system: US law, including certain criminal offenses by or against US nationals, such as murder, may apply to areas not under jurisdiction of other countries. Some US laws directly apply to Antarctica. For example, the Antarctic Conservation Act, 16 U.S.C. section 2401 et seq., provides civil and criminal penalties for the following activities, unless authorized by regulation of statute: The taking of native mammals or birds; the introduction of nonindigenous plants and animals; entry into specially protected or scientific areas; the discharge or disposal of pollutants; and the importation into the US of certain items from Antarctica. Violation of the Antarctic Conservation Act carries penalties of up to $10,000 in fines and 1 year in prison. The Departments of Treasury, Commerce, Transportation, and Interior share enforcement responsibilities. Public Law 95-541, the US Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978, requires expeditions from the US to Antarctica to notify, in advance, the Office of Oceans and Polar Affairs, Room 5801, Department of State, Washington, DC 20520, which reports such plans to other nations as required by the Antarctic Treaty. For more information contact Permit Office, Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Virginia 22230 (703-306-1031).