Part II: Introduction
As Pasadena City College prepared to celebrate its seventy-fifth anniversary on September 25, 1999, it was my pleasure to continue the history of Pasadena City College Library that was begun by Clyde B. Eaton. He graciously gave permission for his work to be presented as Part I of this history of the Shatford Library. With minor alterations, Part I is his previously unpublished paper that was written on May 27, 1965, to meet the requirements of the U.C.L.A. course "Library Service 208." Part I covers the Library's history from its beginnings as a high school library in 1906 until the end of 1963-64, my fifth year as College Librarian. At that time (June 30, 1964), the Library scene was as follows:
Materials Collection. The Library's holdings were 71,109 books (4,501 added during the year 1963-64) and about 500 periodical subscriptions, plus uncounted numbers of pamphlets and documents. Seventy-three percent of the faculty participated in book selection, with sixteen faculty members serving on the Library Board. There was a continuing problem of books being checked out but not returned and not paid for, as well as of books being stolen outright. The value of such books was estimated as $3,900 in 1964.
Use of the Library. Students registered for 10,850 library cards during the year, and 166,525 items were checked out from the three public service desks (Reserves/Registration, Circulation, and Reference/Periodicals). September to June circulation averaged 880 items per day. The Library was open evenings until 9:45 p.m. (M-Th) but not on weekends.
Budget. The College allocated funds for the purchase of books, periodicals, binding, and supplies at the rate of $4.00 per Average Daily Attendance. The budget for books was $29,234 and for periodicals $3,500. The ratio of library expenditures to the total educational and general budget of the College (2.4 percent) was less than half of the minimum 5 percent recommended by the Standards that were in use by accreditation teams. In comparison with fifty California community colleges, Pasadena ranked thirty-ninth.
Staff. Based on a College formula of one librarian per 1,000 students, there were seven librarians Jeanne Y. Brown (long-term substitute for Gloria Hine), William K. Grainger, Gloria R. Hine (maternity leave from October 8, 1963), Mabel H. Kennedy, George E. McCauley (died June 14, 1964), Mary Helen Pendleton, Grace E. Seward, and William I. Weitzel.
Grace Seward, Librarian
Eleanor Homer, Librarian
Ruth Allison, Library Technician
A classified staff also of seven included Ruth W. Allison, Dorothy L. Bodo, Muriel Maxine Franklin, Ruth Lindsay (half-time clerical substitute for three months to offset Mr. McCauley's disability), Letitia Luedke, Ruth L. Post, and Helen A. Willard. Student assistants provided forty -seven hours per day for pay, three hours per day for office experience credit. A budget request for additional clerical staff for 1963-64 was denied. (See Appendices A and B for lists of certificated and classified staff members. These lists may be scanned by date to determine who was on the staff during any given period of time.)
Housing. Several areas in which lighting was substandard were scheduled for relighting. (Prior to Eleanor Homer's retirement, it was not unusual to see her using a flashlight to find a book on the shelves of the lower-level book stacks.) The unpleasant appearance and hazardous condition of the lobby floor were matters of continuing concern, as were the crowded conditions in the bookstacks and the inadequate ventilation in much of the library. Termites, formerly confined to the floors, had moved into the woodwork around doors and exhibit cases, and topical treatment had not halted their progress.
Equipment. The Library had installed its first coin-operated copying machine. It was hoped that students would photocopy pages as an alternative to stealing books and magazines.
Audiovisual Services. The Library provided only a very restricted audiovisual service.Films were provided to the Library daily by the Education Center of the Pasadena City Schools. Except for delivery and pickup of equipment from an office in the Library, each department of the College was at this time responsible for its own audiovisual needs, including the ordering of the films. However, such decentralization was not meeting the individual needs of students and teachers. The need for a central campus agency that would provide a wide range of audiovisual and television services was becoming increasingly more evident.
1963-64 was the final year of a grant from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation for the operation of a Nursing Resource Center that was housed in the Library. Library staff members booked over a thousand items (films, filmstrips, moulages and records) and arranged daily delivery and pickup for fifteen community colleges in Southern California.
Instruction.As part of a continuing Freshman Orientation Program, Mr. Grainger distributed copies of a library brochure and presented a slide show about the Library in an auditorium setting.Virtually all freshmen had this introductory contact with library services.
With the assistance of an Advisory Board composed of librarians from all types of libraries in the vicinity of Pasadena, eighteen students were enrolled in the Library Clerk Curriculum offered for the first time in 1963-64. Staff librarians taught the courses.
Field Practice in the Pasadena City College Library