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accessibility and the PCC web site

Accessibility Guidelines

Any web pages on the Pasadena City College web site will comply with Section 508. The following outlines the basic accessibility guidelines that the PCC web pages will follow. Each guideline is linked to a full discussion of the feature and how to best implement it in a web page. These guidelines have been developed by Macromedia for use with the Dreamweaver web development application.

In addition, the Dreamweaver application available on the campus network features the accessibility checking tools provided by UsableNet and Macromedia. All web pages developed for the PCC site must be checked that they pass accessibility guidelines with this tool, or checked online at http://www.cynthiasays.com/.

Web Development Guidelines

Provided via a partnership between The University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
Authored by : Blaire Bundy, Tim Dugdale

1194.22 Web-based intranet and internet information and applications

Section 508 (http://www.section508.gov/) requires that Federal agencies' electronic and information technology is accessible to people with disabilities, including employees and members of the public. Section 508 establishes requirements for any electronic and information technology developed, maintained, procured, or used by the Federal government.

California passed SB 105 to ensure that California colleges' and universities' comply with Section 508, which covers public and intranet web sites.

The intent of this document is to provide examples of each priority within the 508 guidelines relating to web publishing. Each priority sites the guideline and the linked section letter provides a detailed explanation and examples which highlight solutions. The explanations and examples are interpretations by the authors of this document.

§1194.22 Web-based intranet and internet information and applications.

  • (a) A text equivalent for every non-text element shall be provided (e.g., via "alt", "longdesc", or in element content).
  • (b) Equivalent alternatives for any multimedia presentation shall be synchronized with the presentation.
  • (c) Web pages shall be designed so that all information conveyed with color is also available without color, for example from context or markup.
  • (d) Documents shall be organized so they are readable without requiring an associated style sheet.
  • (e) Redundant text links shall be provided for each active region of a server-side image map.
  • (f) Client-side image maps shall be provided instead of server-side image maps except where the regions cannot be defined with an available geometric shape.
  • (g) Row and column headers shall be identified for data tables.
  • (h) Markup shall be used to associate data cells and header cells for data tables that have two or more logical levels of row or column headers.
  • (i) Frames shall be titled with text that facilitates frame identification and navigation.
  • (j) Pages shall be designed to avoid causing the screen to flicker with a frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz.
  • (k) A text-only page, with equivalent information or functionality, shall be provided to make a web site comply with the provisions of this part, when compliance cannot be accomplished in any other way. The content of the text-only page shall be updated whenever the primary page changes.
  • (l) When pages utilize scripting languages to display content, or to create interface elements, the information provided by the script shall be identified with functional text that can be read by assistive technology.
  • (m) When a web page requires that an applet, plug-in or other application be present on the client system to interpret page content, the page must provide a link to a plug-in or applet that complies with �1194.21(a) through (l).
  • (n) When electronic forms are designed to be completed on-line, the form shall allow people using assistive technology to access the information, field elements, and functionality required for completion and submission of the form, including all directions and cues.
  • (o) A method shall be provided that permits users to skip repetitive navigation links.
  • (p) When a timed response is required, the user shall be alerted and given sufficient time to indicate more time is required.