Below are step-by-step directions for correctly citing print and online database sources.
Title of Book "Title of Article" Title of Periodical Volume Place of Publication Publisher Date Other Information Pages
Sample entry -
“Sex Differences in the Games Children Play: Gender Stereotypes at Early Ages.” Social Problems. 23 (1976):478-87.
1.. Use the author’s full name: last name first, followed by a comma, and then the first name and any middle name or initial. Omit any title or degree attached to the author’s name on the source, such as Dr. or PhD. End the name with a period and one space.
2. Title of the article. Give the full title, including any subtitle (after a colon). Place the title in quotation marks, capitalize all important (or main) words in the title, and end the title with a period (inside the final quotation mark) and one space.
3. Publication information.
***NOTE: when creating an MLA works cited page,
Sample entry -
"Anthropology and the Teaching of Human Values." Anthropology and Education Quarterly. 16.4 (Winter, 1985): 251-256. Blackwell Publishing/American Anthropological Association. 24 Mar. 2004. JSTOR. CSULA University Library. 12 Dec. 2008 <http://www.jstor.org/stable/3216293>.
In the above entry, the information is listed as follows:
2. Title of article
3. Print publication information, which includes:
4. Publication information for online version, which includes:
5. Date you accessed the online article
When writing a research paper, you must cite sources WITHIN the paper when you quote an outside source. Plagiarism is the practice of claiming, or implying, original authorship or incorporating material from someone else's written or creative work, in whole or in part, into one's own without adequate acknowledgement. If you are not careful to clearly cite each source you borrow directly from, you run the risk of being busted for plagiarism.
Example of an in-text citation for quoted material, author's name not included in text:
Finally, the third major argument against Internet taxes holds that the issue is too complex to be resolved, a “logistical nightmare,” in the words of a taxation opponent (57).
***NOTE: in the above example, the quoted material is merely two words, but...
An in-text citation should include, as in the example above, the author’s last name, NOT followed by a comma, and the page number on which the quote was found.
Sometimes an in-text citation will not require that the author’s name be included, as you may have already introduced the author earlier in the sentence.
Example of an in-text citation for quoted material, author's name mentioned in text:
According to Washington Post, “Households with incomes of $75,000 and higher are more likely to have access for the Internet than those at the lowest income levels [below $15,000]” (24-5).of the
***NOTE: that in the above example, because Granfield is introduced within the sentence itself, his name does not need to be listed a second time in the citation.
***NOTE the order of operations when writing an in-text citation. First the quote is ended; then the parenthesis containing the author’s last name, if necessary, and the page number(s); then the period which ends the sentence. "........" (Name pg#).
"midwest states have noticed a sharp increase in unemployment rates in recent years" (24).