Pasadena City College, Home of the PCC Lancers

WAC / Engineering & Technology

Writing in the Field of Architecture

Audience and Purpose

Before beginning to write a paper or any other writing assignment, ask yourself these two questions:

“Who is going to read my paper?” and “Why am I writing this paper?”  

Answering these two fundamental questions forces you to consider two things:  audience and your purpose.

  • Audience can simply be described as the person or people to whom you are writing. 
    • For example, if you are an engineering student, your audience is your engineering teacher or your engineering classmates.  If you are working as a professional engineer, your audience is engineers. 
    • Remember, your audience will determine the format of your writing assigment (i.e., essay, presentation, or report) and your choice of words. 
  • Purpose is the reason why you are writing. 
    • For example, as engineering students, your purpose might be to put together a presentation of your portfolio at the end of the course.  The purpose of this presentation is to explain and describe the content in your portfolio. 
    • Remember, your purpose will determine what information goes into your assignment. 

After you have established your audience and purpose, the actual writing process can begin.  Below is a general sequence of writing steps taken in the writing proces:

  1. Identify your audience and purpose.
  2. Brainstorm and outline ideas.
  3. Gather and think about your ideas, research, drawing, and examples.
  4. Organize your ideas and information in a logical and clear order.
  5. Make an outline to clarify your purpose.
  6. Write a draft.
  7. Revise your draft yourself or by asking teacher, tutors, peers.
  8. Repeat your revisions and drafts.
  9. Edit and proofread by rereading your paper and looking for spelling, grammar, punctuation and referencing mistakes.
  10. Turn in your paper.