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Frequently Made Mistakes in Grammar and Mechanics

Tense/Aspect System

Verb Tense

Verb tense in English lets you know when the event or action has taken place.  English has three verb tenses: present, past, and future tense.

    • Present tense examples:  be, clean, drive ,eat
    • Past tense examples:  was, cleaned, drove, ate
    • Future tense examples:  will be, will clean, will drive, will eat
  • Verb tense has a relationship with aspect. Aspect describes the action or event’s duration, repetition, completion, quality, or state.

Combined, tense & aspect make up the 12 verb tenses as seen in the chart below:

Simple

Perfect

have + been

Progressive/Continuous

be + -ing

Perfect/Progressive

have + been + -ing

Present

write/talk

has/have written/talked

am/is/are writing/talking

has/have been writing/talking

Past

wrote/talked

had written/talked

was/were writing/talking

had been writing/talking

Future

will write

will talk

will have written/talked

will be writing/talking

will have been writing/talking

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