The manner in which PCC conducts emergency operations on campus is governed by state and federal legislation. The ability to declare a campus state of emergency is governed by PCC policy. The President, Senior Vice-President of Business and College Services and Senior Vice-President of Academic and Student Affairs have authority for decision making within the campus. Activation of the campus emergency plans and the EOC is prescribed in the PCC Emergency Operations Plan (EOP).
PCC follows the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) "Comprehensive Emergency Management Program Model," which addresses four phases of emergency management:
Mitigation: Strengthening facilities and the campus against potential hazards through ongoing activities and actions to eliminate or reduce the chance of occurrence or the effects of a disaster. Examples of mitigation activities include planning fire department access to buildings, seismic upgrades of campus buildings, hazard identification and elimination, and an annual campus hazard analysis.
Preparedness: Anticipating what can go wrong, determining effective responses, and developing preparation of resources.
Examples of preparedness activities include developing and implementing the campus Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) and Department Emergency Operations Plans (DEOP), participating in training programs and emergency drills, and obtaining equipment or supplies that may be needed in an emergency.
Response: Determining the strategy to manage an emergency or disaster: Examples of response strategies include evacuating people to safe areas if necessary, warning the campus of a pending or potential emergency, or the use of the Incident Command System (ICS), the Emergency Operations Center (EOC), and Satellite Emergency Operations Centers (SEOC) during an emergency.
Recovery: Restoring the area or campus to pre-event conditions may involve short-term actions needed to operate with limited capacity and long-term actions that may take years to complete.
Examples of recovery actions include the resumption of normal operations and schedules, rebuilding damaged facilities, documenting damage and response costs, and submitting requests for reimbursement through state or federal programs.