Area: Social Services

Sub-Area:

  • Corrections
  • Counseling
  • Juvenile Justice
  • Casework
  • Administration
  • Probations & Parole
  • Victim Advocacy

Employers:

  • State and federal correction facilities
  • County jails
  • Precinct station houses
  • Prison camps
  • Youth correction facilities
  • Medium-security correction facilities
  • Voluntary correction facilities
  • Halfway houses and pre-release programs
  • Reintegration programs
  • Alternative schools
  • Juvenile detention centers
  • Juvenile group homes
  • Women’s and family shelters
  • Domestic violence agencies
  • Immigration and naturalization services
  • Other nonprofit organizations

Strategies & Information:

  • Seek courses or training in topics such as victimology, social problems, diversity issues, or grieving.
  • Supplement curriculum with courses in psychology, sociology, or social work.
  • Gain experience working with a juvenile population in any capacity (i.e., sports teams, summer camp counselor, parks and recreation programs, and community/religious youth groups).
  • Gain related experience in employment interviewing, social casework, substance abuse, and rehabilitation.
  • Learn to work well with people of diverse backgrounds.
  • Consider learning a second language.
  • Maintain a blemish-free driving and criminal record.
  • Gain firearms and self-defense training.
  • Earn a master’s degree in social work or counseling for therapy positions.
  • Obtain a masters degree in criminal justice or business for upper-level positions in facilities management or administration.

Area: Judiciary and Law

Sub-Area:

  • Court Reporting
  • Legal Assistance
  • Legal Research
  • Administration

Employers:

  • Local, state, and federal courts
  • Law firms
  • Corporate legal departments
  • Public interest law organizations

Strategies & Information:

  • Consider a double major or minor in the social sciences such as psychology, anthropology, sociology, or political science.
  • Attend a post-secondary vocational or technical college that offers court reporting or paralegal certification programs.
  • Obtain a law degree from a law school accredited by the American Bar Association (ABA).
  • Learn to use software packages such as CD-ROM research databases.
  • Develop strong research, computer, and writing skills.
  • Maintain a high grade point average to gain admittance to law school.
  • Participate in mock trial groups.

Area: Law Enforcement

Sub-Area:

  • Patrolling
  • Investigating
  • Forensics
  • Probation
  • Security

Employers:

  • City/County Government Organizations including:
    • Police departments
    • Correction facilities
    • County sheriff departments
    • Liquor Control Commission
  • State Government Organizations including:
    • State troopers
    • Crime labs
    • Penitentiaries
  • Federal Government Organizations including:
    • U.S. Customs and Border Protection
    • Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI)
    • Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
    • Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)
    • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    • Department of Homeland Security
    • Postal Service
    • Federal Marshals
    • Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks
    • United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
    • National Parks Service
  • Crime laboratories
  • Colleges and universities

Strategies & Information:

  • Obtain related training or certifications such as CPR, first aid, or EMT.
  • Complete a formal police academy program upon graduation.
  • Maintain a healthy and physically fit lifestyle.
  • Volunteer to work in a police department or campus safety department.
  • Complete an internship in a crime laboratory to gain experience in the forensic application of science.
  • Obtain a double major in criminal justice and a hard science (biology, chemistry, or biochemistry) if interested in a career in forensics.
  • Consider earning a master's degree in Forensic Science or related discipline.
  • Become familiar with the government application process.
  • Learn a second language.

Area: Business

Sub-Area:

  • Private Security
  • Consulting
  • Investigating
  • Systems Integration
  • Global Intelligence
  • Private Investigation
  • Internet Security
  • Loss and Prevention

Employers:

  • Insurance companies
  • Banks
  • Private security companies
  • Software companies
  • Hotels and resorts
  • Health care facilities
  • Transportation services
  • Nuclear power plants
  • Manufacturers
  • Online companies
  • Other large corporations

Strategies & Information:

  • Minor in business or computer science.
  • Seek practicum/internship experiences that include training in the hardware and software of security systems.
  • Maintain good physical fitness.
  • Develop exceptional written and oral communication skills.
  • Seek leadership opportunities and develop strong interpersonal skills.
  • Attend firearm safety courses. Obtain first aid and CPR certification.
  • Gain military experience and training.
  • Earn a graduate degree in business or law for upper-level positions.

Area: Education

Sub-Area:

  • Teaching
  • Research

Employers:

  • Colleges and universities
  • Adult education providers
  • Public and private high schools

Strategies & Information:

  • Earn a graduate degree for post-secondary teaching opportunities.
  • Get a teaching certificate for elementary or secondary education. Gain a dual certification for increased opportunities.
  • Serve as a tutor to other students.
  • Develop strong written and oral communication skills.
  • Assist a professor with research.
  • Take additional coursework related to research and statistics.

General Information and Strategies