Area: Human Resources

Sub-Area:

  • Benefits
  • Compensation
  • Employee Relations
  • Human Resources Information Systems (HRIS)
  • Labor Relations
  • Selection and Placement
  • Recruiting
  • Retention
  • Occupational Safety
  • Equal Employment Opportunity
  • Diversity Issues
  • Policy Development

Employers:

  • Financial institutions
  • Hotel, restaurant, and retail chains
  • Manufacturing firms
  • Hospitals and healthcare organizations
  • Educational institutions
  • Employment and staffing agencies
  • Professional employment organizations (PEOs)
  • Other medium and large size organizations
  • Nonprofit organizations
  • Labor unions
  • Federal government agencies including:
    • Department of Labor
    • Employment Security Commission
    • Bureau of Labor
  • Local and state government agencies

Strategies & Information:

  • Develop strong computer skills, especially with spreadsheets and databases.
  • Obtain internships in human resources.
  • Develop presentation skills and conflict resolution abilities through coursework and activities.
  • Cultivate strong analytical skills.
  • Be willing to start in an entry-level human resources or benefits assistant position.
  • Learn about Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards and compliance.
  • Earn a graduate degree (MBA, masters, or law) to reach the highest levels of human resource management.
  • Learn government application procedures. Complete a federal government internship program.

Area: Training and Development

Sub-Area:

  • Industrial Training
  • Technology Training
  • Management Development
  • Employee and Organizational Development
  • Performance Improvement
  • Organizational Change

Employers:

  • Corporate universities
  • Consulting firms
  • Manufacturing companies
  • Retail and customer service industries
  • Restaurant and hotel chains
  • Business and industry training facilities
  • Educational institutions

Strategies & Information:

  • Obtain related experience through internships and part-time or summer jobs.
  • Develop the ability to comprehend operational systems and to process new information quickly.
  • Acquire current knowledge of issues in technology, industry, and business education through professional association journals.
  • Develop solid knowledge of the content area being addressed in training.
  • Be prepared to start working in another area of human resources before moving into a training position.
  • Learn about Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards and compliance.
  • Learn about International Organization for Standardization (ISO) criteria.

Area: Non-Profit

Sub-Area:

  • Development
  • Volunteer Coordination
  • Programming
  • Administration

Employers:

  • Community agencies
  • Healthcare organizations
  • Private foundations

Strategies & Information:

  • Volunteer in community development projects or with an organization of interest.
  • Take on leadership roles in campus organizations.
  • Learn how to administer a budget through coursework or volunteering.
  • Develop planning skills.
  • Obtain an internship in fund-raising or related field.

Area: Business

Sub-Area:

  • Management
  • Operations Management
  • Customer Service
  • Marketing
  • Sales

Employers:

  • Public and private corporations including:
    • Retail stores
    • Banks and financial institutions
    • Insurance firms
    • Manufacturers
    • Product and service organizations

Strategies & Information:

  • Develop a strong background in other business functions such as marketing or management.
  • Gain leadership experience through campus involvement or volunteer work.
  • Intern with companies in fields of interest.
  • Gain strong writing and public speaking skills.
  • Develop proficiency in computer software application packages.

Area: Law

Sub-Area:

  • Arbitration and Mediation
  • Labor Relations
  • Employment Law

Employers:

  • Law firms
  • Large corporations
  • Government agencies
  • Public interest legal agencies

Strategies & Information:

  • Obtain a law degree.
  • Join a debate team and participate in mock trial.
  • Take courses in employment law, conflict management, and labor relations.
  • Gain experience with mediation.

Area: Industrial/Organiztional Psychology

Sub-Area:

  • Organizational Development
  • Assessment and Evaluation
  • Personnel Selection
  • Performance Appraisal
  • Job Analysis
  • Individual Development
  • Labor Relations
  • Ergonomics
  • Teaching
  • Research

Employers:

  • Consulting firms
  • Educational services
  • Colleges and universities
  • Private and public companies
  • Government agencies
  • Military research organizations
  • Test preparation companies

Strategies & Information:

  • Double major or minor in psychology as an undergraduate.
  • Earn a doctoral degree in industrial/organizational psychology.
  • Demonstrate strong interest in studying the behavior of people at work.
  • Obtain internships in areas of organizational development.
  • Conduct independent research study in areas of interest.
  • Develop aptitude in statistical analysis and computers.

General Information and Strategies