Area: Human Services

Sub-Area:

  • Direct Care:
    • Counseling
    • Psychotherapy
    • Case Management
    • Mental Health Services
    • Physical Health and Wellness
    • Crisis Work
    • Art Therapy
    • Music Therapy

  • Administration:
    • Advocacy
    • Programming
    • Community Relations
    • Management
    • Development/Fund Raising
    • Grant Writing

Employers:

  • Federal government, including Departments of:
    • Health and Human Services
    • Justice
    • Veterans Administration
      • VA Hospitals
  • State government, including Departments of:
    • Human Services
    • Mental Health & Mental Retardation
      • Community mental health centers
      • State psychiatric hospitals
      • Facilities for mentally impaired
    • Justice
      • Probation and parole
  • Local government
  • Senior citizens' centers
  • United Way agencies
  • Social service/nonprofit organizations
  • Religiously-affiliated service organizations
  • Hospitals/healthcare providers
  • Private psychiatric facilities
  • Employee Assistance Programs (EAP)
  • College and university counseling centers
  • Private practice

Strategies & Information:

  • Obtain essential practical experience through part-time or summer jobs such as camp counselor, tutor, or resident hall advisor.
  • Complete an internship for academic credit.
  • Gain experience through volunteering with organizations such as crisis hotlines, Big Brother or Sister, Special Olympics, service fraternities or sororities, etc.
  • Many entry-level helping positions require one year of related experience. Volunteer experience and internships can typically fulfill this requirement.
  • Learn to work well with different types of people.
  • Develop strong communication skills.
  • Cultivate the desire to help others.
  • Become fluent in a foreign language to serve clients who may not speak English.
  • Be willing to relocate for increased job opportunities.
  • Become familiar with government hiring procedures.
  • Acquire knowledge of government and community resources available for those in need.
  • Obtain a graduate degree in psychology, counseling, or social work for positions involving substantive counseling or psychotherapy or for advancement into administrative/supervisory positions.
  • Many specialties exist at the graduate level, for example school counseling, mental health counseling, counseling psychology, etc. Pursue particular degrees depending upon interests and career goals. See General Information on the last page for more details on this topic.
  • Maintain an excellent academic record and seek experiences valued by graduate programs.

Area: Research

Sub-Area:

  • Social Research
  • Market Research
  • Data Analysis

Employers:

  • Federal, state and local government agencies
  • National headquarters of non-profit organizations
  • Universities and colleges
  • Market research firms
  • Market research departments of consumer goods and manufacturing firms
  • Consulting firms

Strategies & Information:

  • Work with a professor on his or her research project.
  • Develop strong quantitative and statistical skills. Take additional math and statistics courses.
  • Obtain a graduate degree for greater opportunities.
  • Obtain related experience. Get a part-time or summer field service position with a market research firm.
  • Get involved in the American Marketing Association.
  • Earn a graduate degree in psychology, statistics or marketing for the greatest number of opportunities.

Area: Education

Sub-Area:

  • Teaching
  • Student Affairs
  • Administration
  • Training
  • Adult Learning

Employers:

  • Public and private K-12 schools
  • Colleges and universities
  • Community instruction offered by government or social service agencies e.g. GED classes, life skills, parenting, etc.

Strategies & Information:

  • Obtain a teaching certificate for public school positions. Multiple certification will increase marketability. Seek guidance from the education department of your college.
  • Earn a doctoral degree for post-secondary teaching.
  • Secure strong personal recommendations.
  • Volunteer or work as a tutor.
  • Gain experience working with children or adolescents.
  • Acquire related experience on campus as a resident hall advisor, orientation leader, admissions tour guide, or peer mentor.
  • Develop strong communication skills and learn to speak well in front of a group.

Area: Human Resources

Sub-Area:

  • Employment and Recruitment
  • Labor Relations
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Organizational Development
  • Training

Employers:

  • Large companies
  • Government agencies
  • Staffing and employment services
  • Large non-profit organizations including hospitals and educational institutions

Strategies & Information:

  • Gain revelant experience in human resources by completing an internship.
  • Earn a minor in business or supplement curriculum with business courses.
  • Seek leadership positions in student organizations.
  • Develop strong computer skills.
  • Earn an MBA or a graduate degree in human resources to attain higher level positions.

Area: Business & Industry

Sub-Area:

  • Sales
  • Customer Service
  • Management
  • Insurance
    • Claims Managment
    • Underwriting
  • Real Estate
    • Sales
    • Property Management
  • Public Relations

Employers:

  • Service providers
  • Wholesalers
  • Manufacturers
  • Retail stores including:
    • Department stores
    • Specialty stores
    • Discount stores
    • Super retailers
    • Online retailers
  • Call centers
  • Financial institutions
  • Insurance companies
  • Real estate companies
  • Property management firms
  • Apartment complexes
  • Public relations departments of large businesses or nonprofit organizations

Strategies & Information:

  • Develop career goals and seek relevant experiences to prepare for those goals.
  • Earn a minor in business or supplement curriculum with business or communication courses.
  • Obtain relevant experience through internships or part-time jobs.
  • Work a part-time or summer job in a retail store. Demonstrate a willingness to take on additional responsibilities such as "assistant manager."
  • Participate in student organizations and seek leadership roles.
  • Learn to work well with different types of people. Develop a strong commitment to customer satisfaction.
  • For sales, develop the ability to work well under pressure and be comfortable in a competitive environment.
  • Be willing to start in a management-trainee program or other entry-level positions.
  • When job searching, seek employers interested in hiring "any major."
  • Understand the top skills employers desire and be prepared to demonstrate them, such as communication (oral and written), computer, interpersonal, leadership and teamwork, etc.

General Information and Strategies