Area: Conservation

Sub-Area:

  • Resource/range management
  • Wildlife/fisheries biology
  • Education/interpretation

Employers:

  • State/Federal wildlife agencies
  • Wildlife refuges
  • Federal land management agencies
  • Environmental Protection Agency
  • National and international environmental/ conservation agencies
  • Zoos, aquariums and other collections of animals
  • Universities and colleges
  • Non-governmental organizations, e.g. Trout Unlimited, Wild Turkey Foundation

Strategies & Information:

  • Practice excellent communication skills.
  • Develop physical stamina, outdoor skills and comfort being in close proximity with large and small animals.
  • Advanced degrees are often required in these positions, especially for research and teaching.
  • Gain extensive laboratory and research experience.
  • Supplement curriculum with additional science courses in relevant areas (e.g. genetics, animal behavior, microbiology)
  • Become familiar with federal job application procedure for government work.
  • Gain work experience in area of interest through internships, summer jobs, or part-time work

Area: Law Enforcement

Sub-Area:

Employers:

  • State/federal wildlife and land management including:
    • Fish and Wildlife Agency
    • National Park and Forest Services
    • Land Management Bureau
    • Department of Justice

Strategies & Information:

  • Develop physical stamina, outdoor skills and comfort being in close proximity with large and small animals.
  • Be prepared to complete additional officer training as prerequisite for entry-level jobs.
  • Seek internships or related summer jobs to gain experience.
  • Attain experience with firearms, boat safety, and first aid training.
  • Develop public speaking and conflict management skills through coursework or experience.
  • Complete a minor in criminal justice.
  • Become familiar with federal job application procedure for government work.
  • Be prepared to relocate to areas with abundant natural resources.

Area: Aquaculture

Sub-Area:

  • Hatchery Operations Management
  • Aquarium Operations Management
  • Research
  • Quality Control

Employers:

  • Private commercial fish farms
  • Shellfish operations
  • Government hatcheries
  • Public and private aquariums
  • Non-profit research facilities
  • Inspection organizations
  • Colleges and universities

Strategies & Information:

  • Gain work experience through internships, co-ops, or summer or part-time work.
  • Develop physical stamina, outdoor skills and comfort being in water.
  • Practice good communication and problem solving skills.
  • Exercise close attention to detail.
  • Gain extensive laboratory and research experience for research positions.
  • Supplement coursework with business minor.

Area: Education

Sub-Area:

  • Teaching
  • Non-classroom Education
  • Research

Employers:

  • Universities and colleges
  • Public and private schools, K-12
  • Museums
  • Zoos
  • Nature centers and parks

Strategies & Information:

  • Certification is required for K-12 schoolteachers, and Ph.D. is needed for universities and colleges.
  • Gain experience working with students through tutoring, interning, or volunteering.
  • Learn to work well with all types of people.
  • Develop excellent interpersonal and public speaking skills.

General Information and Strategies