Pasadena City College, Home of the PCC Lancers

Chicago Style-Humanities system

Here is a brief example of how the humanities system will appear in your paper:

Although reporters have not yet stated exactly how many people have been affected by this tragedy, sources estimate the number to be in the thousands. 1

Here is an example of the above citation's appearance in a footnote:

1.  William S. Niederkorn, “The Lasting Effects of Hurricane Margaret,” New York Times, June 20, 2002, Arts section, Midwest edition.

 

Below are common examples of sources cited in the Chicago humanities system. 

Book: One author

Footnote:

1. Wendy Doniger, Splitting the Difference (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999), 65.

Bibliography page entry:

Doniger, Wendy. Splitting the Difference. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

 

Book: Two authors

Footnote:

6. Guy Cowlishaw and Robin Dunbar, Primate Conservation Biology (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000), 104-7.

 

Bibliography page entry:

Cowlishaw, Guy, and Robin Dunbar. Primate Conservation Biology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

 

Book: Four or more authors

Footnote:

13. Edward O. Laumann et al., The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994), 262.

Bibliography page entry:

Laumann, Edward O., John H. Gagnon, Robert T. Michael, and Stuart Michaels. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

 

Book: Editor, translator, or compiler instead of author

Footnote:

4. Richmond Lattimore, trans., The Iliad of Homer (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951), 91-92.

Bibliography page entry:

Lattimore, Richmond, trans. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.

 

Article in a print journal

Footnote:

8. John Maynard Smith, “The Origin of Altruism,” Nature 393 (1998): 639.

Bibliography page entry:

Smith, John Maynard. “The Origin of Altruism.” Nature 393 (1998): 639-40.

 

Article in an online journal

*Note: If an access date is required by your publisher or discipline, include it in parenthesis at the end of the citation.

Footnote:

33. Mark A. Hlatky et al., "Quality-of-Life and Depressive Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women after Receiving Hormone Therapy: Results from the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study (HERS) Trial," Journal of the American Medical Association 287, no. 5 (2002), http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n5/rfull/joc10108.html#aainfo.

Bibliography page entry:

Hlatky, Mark A., Derek Boothroyd, Eric Vittinghoff, Penny Sharp, and Mary A. Whooley. "Quality-of-Life and Depressive Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women after Receiving Hormone Therapy: Results from the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study (HERS) Trial." Journal of the American Medical Association 287, no. 5 (February 6, 2002), http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n5/rfull/joc10108.html#aainfo.

 

Popular magazine article

Footnote:

29. Steve Martin, “Sports-Interview Shocker,” New Yorker, May 6, 2002, 84.

Bibliography page entry:

Martin, Steve. “Sports-Interview Shocker.” New Yorker, May 6, 2002.

 

Newspaper article

Newspaper articles may be cited within the text or sentence itself (for example, “As John Smith stated in a New York Times article on May 30, 2006, . . . ”) instead of in a note or an in-text citation, and they are commonly omitted from a bibliography or reference list as well.

The examples listed below show more formal versions of the citations.

Footnote:

10. William S. Niederkorn, “A Scholar Recants on His ‘Shakespeare’ Discovery,” New York Times, June 20, 2002, Arts section, Midwest edition.

Bibliography page entry:

Niederkorn, William S. “A Scholar Recants on His ‘Shakespeare’ Discovery.” New York Times, June 20, 2002, Arts section, Midwest edition.

 

Web site

Web sites may be cited within the text or sentence (for example, “On its Web site, the Evanston Public Library Board of Trustees states . . .”) instead of in an in-text citation, and they are commonly omitted from a bibliography or reference list as well.

The examples listed below show the more formal versions of the citations. If you are required to include an access date, include it in parenthesis at the end of the citation, as in the second example below.

Footnote:

11. Evanston Public Library Board of Trustees, “Evanston Public Library Strategic Plan, 2000-2010: A Decade of Outreach,” Evanston Public Library, http://www.epl.org/library/strategic-plan-00.html.

Bibliography page entry:

Evanston Public Library Board of Trustees. “Evanston Public Library Strategic Plan, 2000-2010: A Decade of Outreach.” Evanston Public Library. http://www.epl.org/library/strategic-plan-00.html (accessed June 1, 2005).

 

Weblog entry or comment

Weblog entries or comments may be cited within the text or sentence (for example, “In a comment posted to the Becker-Posner Blog on March 6, 2006, Peter Pearson noted . . .”) instead of in a note or an in-text citation, and they are commonly omitted from a bibliography or reference list as well.

The examples listed below show the more formal versions of the citations. If you are required to include an access date, include it in parenthesis at the end of the citation, as in the first example below.

Footnote:

8. Peter Pearson, comment on “The New American Dilemma: Illegal Immigration,” The Becker-Posner Blog, comment posted March 6, 2006, http://www.becker-posner-blog.com/archives/2006/03/the_new_america.html#c080052 (accessed March 28, 2006).

Bibliography page entry:

Becker-Posner Blog, The. http://www.becker-posner-blog.com/.

E-mail message

E-mail messages may be cited within the text or sentence (for example, “In an e-mail message to the author on October 31, 2005, John Doe revealed . . .”) instead of in a note or an in-text citation, and they are rarely listed in a bibliography or reference list.

The following example shows the more formal version of a note.

Footnote:

2. John Doe, e-mail message to author, October 31, 2005.

Item in online database

Journal articles published in online databases should be cited as shown above, under “Article in an online journal.” If you are required to include an access date, include it in parenthesis at the end of the citation, as in the first example below.

Footnote:

7. Pliny the Elder, The Natural History, ed. John Bostock and H. T. Riley, in the Perseus Digital Library, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Plin.+Nat.+1.dedication (accessed November 17, 2005).

Bibliography page entry:

Perseus Digital Library. http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/.

***All examples taken from http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html